How to trim Your cat´s claws?
If possible start training your cat to have its claws trimmed as a kitten. Gently
stroke your cat´s paws often, getting it used to having its paws held before
you attempt trimming. Be sure to reward your cat with a special food
treat-one that it receives only during claw trimming or some other grooming
procedure-during or immediately after trimming. The best time to trim your
cat´s claws is when it is relaxed or sleepy. Never try to give a pedicure right
after a stressful experience or an energetic round of play.
Your cat should be resting comfortably on your lap, the floor, or a table. Hold a paw in one hand and press a toe pad gently to extend the claw. Notice the pink tissue (the “quick”) on the inside of the claw.
Avoid the quick when you trim the claw; cutting into it will cause pain
Remove the sharp tip below the quick (away from the toe), clipping about
halfway between the end of the quick and the tip of claw. If your cat becomes
impatient, take a break and try again later. Even if you can clip only a claw
or two a day, eventually you'll complete the task.
Keeping Cats Out of the Garden
Put something in the flower bed that is uncomfortable to walk on, such as:
Plastic carpet runner, turned upside-down so teeth are facing upward.
Large pieces of bark muck, pine cones, or chicken wire, crushed egg shells
Place something in the flower bed with an odour offensive to cats, such as:
cocoa mulch (this is poisonous if eaten) use with caution
coffee beans or grounds
use cayenne pepper! It can get into their eyes
All these items must be replenished regularly.
Invest in a motion-activated sprinkler.
There are also motion-activated devices which blow out compressed air to frighten the animal.
If you know the cat's owner, try presenting him or her with the gift of a
catnip plant for their garden.
Create an outdoor litter box in a corner of the yard, using sandbox sand.
Put a piece of the cat's poop in the sand to help draw them over.
Scoop occasionally, and once a month or so,
dump and replace the sand.
Help! My Cat is Ruining the Furniture!
Although we may not like the results, cats inherently need to scratch to:
Remove the dead outer layer of their claws,
Mark their territory by leaving both a visual mark and scent from their paws,
Stretch and flex their bodies, feet, and claws.
the first step for many cat owners in North America who are afraid that their
cat will destroy the furniture, is a "routine" declaw.
Declawing is a procedure whereby a veterinarian amputates
the end digit and claw of a cat's paws. This is comparable to
cutting off a person's fingers at the last joint!
This is such a drastic and unnecessary operation that in many
countries declawing is illegal.
Unfortunately, declawing is still commonplace in North America,
even though, down the road, being declawed can cause
behavioural problems for the pet cat in question.
NOTE: Cat Care Spay\Neuter Initiative
urges you to try the following alternatives to declawing.
First of all—OBSERVE. Where and what does your cat like to scratch?
What's the texture? Does she prefer to scratch horizontally or vertically? At
what height does she prefer to scratch? If you are in the market for new
furniture, choose smooth cottons, silky parachute cloth, or "ultrasuede"
fabrics which don't seem to interest felines, who prefer rough, bumpy fabrics,
and, of course, leather!
Considering your cats demonstrated preferences, substitute
similar objects for her to scratch. A wide variety is available at local pet
stores or on the internet, from inexpensive horizontal corrugated cardboard
pads, to multi-layered cat trees.
It is most important that the scratching post is sturdy, and is not likely to fall over on the cat while in use … if the post you choose is vertical, make sure it is tall enough, and has a wide sturdy base. If carpet-covered, look for an uneven "nubby" surface.
Place the new scratching post near the inappropriate object.
Make sure the scratching posts are stable, and won't fall over or move around during use. Entice your cat to use the post by running your nails
over it yourself, and praise the cat when he responds properly.
Sprinkling potent catnip on the post can also help.
Cover the inappropriate objects with something your cat will find
unappealing. Double-sided sticky tape works well, and there is an
excellent tape called "Sticky Paws" available at your local pet store for this
purpose. For horizontal surfaces you may not want covered with sticky tape, a
plastic carpet runner, "pointy side up" works well.
It's best to keep the new scratching post as close to your cat's preferred
scratching location as possible. If you must move it, do so very gradually,
only a few inches each day. A good location choice is near her favourite
napping spot, as the urge to scratch is often strongest upon awakening.
Never punish your cat for scratching inappropriately. It won't change the
behaviour, and may cause him to be afraid of you or the environment.
Instead, if you catch him "in the act", you can either make a loud
noise (blow a whistle, or shake a pop can full of stones), or spray with a
water bottle so that he associates something unpleasant with scratching that
object. However, it is important that your cat not be aware that it is you
causing the unpleasant sensation.
If after trying all of these you still decide to declaw or the cat you have adopted is declawed NEVER LET THIS CAT OUTSIDE a declawed cat has lost it's ability to climb trees with ease and no longer has them as a defense.
10 Common Cat Behavior Myths
Cats are the most popular pet in North America; they are intelligent,
affectionate and mysterious creatures. Despite this popularity —
and perhaps because of their air of mystery — there are many misconceptions about cats that cause both social and physical problems
for these animals.
Here are 10 common-but-false assumptions about felines — and the truth behind them.
Cats are solitary animals and like to be home alone.
Separation can be stressful for cats. Specifically, separation anxiety may
manifest in behaviors such as urination and defecation outside of the
litterbox, vocalization, vomiting, excessive grooming, lack of appetite,
anxiety at departure or an exuberant greeting when you return. To keep your cat happy, it essential to limit their time alone and provide them with stimulation and interaction in the form of play, petting, food toys and perches. If you have an extremely stressed cat, it’s essential to make an appointment with your veterinarian to further address the problem.
Cat litterbox issues are always a behaviour problem and can't be fixed.
Failing to use the litterbox may be linked to a medical issue or may be caused
by stress or anxiety, so start with a visit to your veterinarian. Once you
identify the cause, there are various methods for retraining your cat to go
inside the box, including the use of feline pheromones, changing the type of
litter and box used, increasing the number of litterboxes and strategising the
placement of boxes around your home.
Cats scratch because they are mean.
Cats may claw human skin for various reasons. Sometimes cats claw to express irritation — for example, if they are not being held or petted in the proper way. Some cats scratch in play; if this happens, freeze in place and redirect your cat to a toy. An underlying medical issue, such as arthritis, may also be the culprit, causing your cat to feel uncomfortable and making him more likely to lash out. If this is a recurring issue, a visit to your veterinarian is a must.
Cats will suck the life out of a newborn baby.
False. The belief that a cat will suck the air out of a baby's lungs is an
urban legend; there has never been one medically proven incident of this happening. In truth, cats and babies can grow deep bonds and get along well if their interactions are always supervised by adults and behavior concerns are addressed early on.
Cats never need special playtime — they entertain themselves.
Cats thrive when they are given daily activities. Sharing playtime with your cat for a few minutes several times a day will cut down on nuisance behavior such as your cat waking you up early in the morning. Many cats even enjoy going out on walks and can be taught to walk on a leash.
Cats never get along with other cats.
Cats often enjoy the company of other cats. If you’re adopting a kitten, you’ll fare best adopting multiples from the same litter, which increases their chances of bonding and enjoying each other’s company. Depending on the cat, it may also be possible to bring another adult feline into your home.
Cats who claw furniture have behavior issues.
Cats love to scratch because it sharpens their claws, relieves anxiety, is an energy releaser and is a way to mark territory. It’s unfair to expect your cat not to scratch, because scratching is a perfectly normal behavior that is essential for your cat’s mental health. You can, however, redirect his clawing to appropriate areas by providing scratching posts in strategic areas of your
Cats always freak out at the vet's office, and there is nothing you can do.
Cats need regular veterinary care, but unfortunately, a large percentage of cats do not see the veterinarian as often as they should, primarily because owners believe such visits are stressful for their cats. But regular veterinary visits are crucial because they help to spot medical conditions in your cat even when he’s not displaying any discomfort that you can see. Hospitals across the country are more commonly using “stress-free visit” protocols, including gentle handling, cat-specific waiting rooms and fun treats and toys, to decrease feline anxiety. If your cat has trouble with clinic visits, consult your veterinarian for tips on how you can help make the experience less
Kittens and cats raise themselves and don't need training.
Cats have a socialization period during the first weeks of life, falling
between 2 and 7 weeks of age, where they learn about their environment and what is “safe” and “unsafe.” This is the key time to help your cat adapt to his environment and build bonds with others. There are even kitten socialization classes that can help your young cat build confidence and increase his sociability.
Cat meows don't mean anything and can be ignored.
Admittedly, excessive meowing can be a little annoying at times.
But your cat is meowing at you because it’s his form of communication. Cats are often rewarded for meowing; if your cat meows with enough persistence, he can elicit a response from you — often in the form of petting or pulling out the can opener. Excessive meowing, however, can be linked to medical problems, such as dementia, hyperthyroidism and high blood pressure, which means extra meowing in your cat should be investigated by your veterinarian rather than just ignored.
How and Why Cats Purr:
Experts Have Theories But Say It's Still a Mystery
It's no secret that caressing a purring cat is a pleasurable experience — studies suggest it even lowers your blood pressure. But the mechanics of purring itself (to say nothing of the reasons why cats purr in the first place) remains a mystery.
The most common explanation is that a purr originates in the voice box with what are called the "vestibular folds," or false vocal cords. The passing of air across these structures is thought to get the engine running.
Cats purr when they're happy, but cats also purr if they're injured, while giving birth and even when dying.
In his masterwork, Catworld: A Feline Encyclopedia (Penguin Reference),
British zoologist Desmond Morris has observed that purring is "a sign of
friendship — either when (the cat) is contented with a friend or when it is in
need of friendship — as with a cat in trouble." If you think about it, a purr
is kind of like a smile: Sometimes you smile from happiness, sometimes from
As with a smile, there's no such thing as a purr that isn't welcome.
Cats know this themselves. Kittens start purring even before they open
their eyes, rumbling while nursing with what must be a reassuring sound
to their mother (who's likely purring herself).
It's pretty special that no big cat can get his motor running
the way our household kitties can. Cats purr as effortlessly as breathing, both
in and out. In other words, your cat can do something even the biggest, most
handsome and imposing Kings of the Jungle can't: Cats purr, lions don't! Sure, tigers can rumble a tiger-sized purr-like sound, but on the exhale only — and really, who wants a tiger sleeping on their bed, anyway
Just because your kitty stretches out on her back doesn’t mean she wants you to reach down and pat her tummy.
If you have a cat, you’ve probably made this mistake at least
once — your normally sweet kitty stretches out in front of you, rolls onto her
back and looks at you with big, imploring eyes.
You naturally reach down to pat her tummy . . . and she suddenly
turns on you, either scratching you with her claws or biting your hand with
her equally sharp teeth.
What gives? This Is Some Wild Behavior
Many people think that when cats roll over on their backs,
they’re acting like dogs — that they’re showing submission,
But it’s actually a defensive position.
In the wild, cats roll over when they either can’t flee from a
fight or actively choose not to escape. On their backs, they have the ability
to use all of their claws and teeth to protect themselves from
The Owner Trust Test
Of course, you’re no predator. So why is your normally loving kitty trying to
defend herself against you?
Well, she's not.
In domestic situations, a cat who exposes her belly is actually
testing your trust, The abdomen is a vulnerable area for cats because that’s
where all of their vital organs are located, So exposing it is a form of
communication — they want to see what you might do.
How to Handle That Testy Kitty
Although they're not foolproof, some tips for helping your feline feel more comfortable when it comes to belly rubs.
Start by just admiring your kitty when she’s on her back, avoiding any
sudden movements that could put her on the defensive.
Slowly progress to gently stroking one of her front paws while she's lying on her back or on her side.
If she doesn’t try to kick or grab at you, graduate to petting one of her
back paws. Once she accepts that repeated gesture, you can try to
touch her tummy.
If your cat does ever allow you to touch her belly, it’s truly a compliment, You shouldn't be offended if it doesn't work. Every cat is unique, but they all want their boundaries to be respected.
Some Cat Behavior Problems
Refusal To Use Litterbox
Reasons: Cat doesn't like type of litter; Many litters have strong deodorants which some cats don't like; Many cats don't like the green litter; Litterbox is not clean enough; Cat doesn't like location of box; More than one cat uses litterbox.
1. Try changing the brand of litter.
2. Change the litter every other day; remove droppings daily.
3. Keep litterbox away from food and water bowls, in an accessible area. Don't move it around.
4. You may need more than one litterbox if you have more than one cat.
5. You may need to confine the cat in a small room until he or she consistently uses the box.
6. Continuing problems with litter box use may indicate a health problem. Consult your vet for a thorough exam for your cat.
Reason: Cats naturally like greens.
1. Plant a special garden in a low, wide pot for your cat. You can grow catnip and plant birdseed.
2. Try a loud hand clap or a squirt of water from a squirt bottle when you catch you cat nibbling; then, place your cat in from of his/her own garden.
3. Try spraying the plant(s) with animal repellent or perfume.
4. Some plants are very toxic and you should check any plants in your home or you are considering bringing into your home for toxicity, cats are naturally curious and may try eating any plant, please be extremely cautious.
Reasons: Occurs typically in male cats, some female cats;
Natural instinct to mark territory.
1. Have your male cat neutered; you will have best results at curbing
spraying if neutering is before seven months of age.
2. There is a hormonal treatment available. Ask your vet about this.
3. Ask your vet for other medical possibilities.